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Original Article

Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev 2016; 21(1): 18-30

Published online June 30, 2016 https://doi.org/10.14192/kjnic.2016.21.1.18

Copyright © Korean Society for Healthcare-associated infection Control and Prevention

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Development and Implementation of an Education Program for Novice Infection Control Nurses

Sun Young Jeong1, Ji-Young Lee2, Sung Ran Kim3, Myoung-Jin Shin4, Sung Eun Lee5, Og Son Kim6

Department of Nursing, Konyang University1, Daejeon, Department of Infection Control, Catholic University Seoul St. Mary Hospital2, Seoul,Infection Control Unit, Korea University Guro Hospital3, Seoul, Infection Control Services, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital4, Seongnam, Infection Control Unit, Korea University Anam Hospital5, Seoul, Department of Nursing Science, KC University6, Seoul, Korea

Received: May 20, 2015; Revised: April 15, 2016; Accepted: May 2, 2016

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background: This study was performed to improve the working competencies of novice infection control nurses (ICNs) and thereby prevent healthcare associated infection. We developed and implemented an education program and then evaluated its effectiveness.Methods: The education program was developed by conducting a literature review and four expert group discussions. The program was implemented twice, and included 3 days of lectures and 1 day of practice in Seoul and Pusan, for 157 ICNs with less than 3 years of experience. The knowledge of the participants before and after the educational program and overall satisfaction were measured. Data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN 18.0 program.Results: The education program consisted of 12 lectures and 2 practices in total. The post-program knowledge score increased to 77.99 compared to 45.91 prior to participating in the program (P<.001). The scores for overall satisfaction, knowledge acquirement, and usefulness in field practice were 9.05, 8.97, and 9.01, respectively. The overall satisfaction was higher for the practice component (9.37) than the lectures (9.00). There were significant differences in surveillance knowledge according to age (F=3.94, P=.021), hospital career (F=3.71, P=.027), hospital type (F=5.36, P=.006), and hospital size (F=6.19, P=.003); and there were significant differences in hand hygiene knowledge according to age (F=4.14, P=.018) and hospital type (F=4.84, P=.009). However, there was no difference in overall satisfaction with the program.Conclusion: To enhance working competencies and professionalism, education programs considering the characteristics and needs of the ICNs must be developed. Moreover, professional training courses are needed to nurture ICNs in small hospitals.

Keywords: Education, Infection control, Nurses

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