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Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev 2015; 20(1): 1-6

Published online June 30, 2015 https://doi.org/10.14192/kjnic.2015.20.1.1

Copyright © Korean Society for Healthcare-associated infection Control and Prevention

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Contamination of the Hospital Environmental by Pathogenic Bacteria and Infection Control

Young Ah Kim1,4, Hyukmin Lee2,4, Kyungwon Lee3,4

Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital1, Goyang, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine2, Incheon, Department of Laboratory Medicine3 and Research Institute of Bacterial Resistance4, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Received: May 22, 2014; Revised: July 28, 2014; Accepted: July 31, 2014

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) have increased rapidly, and the wide spread of multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria has made the control of HAIs a challenging health problem. Transmission of common pathogens from a colonized or infected patient to a susceptible patient has been reported to occur via the hands of healthcare personnel. Therefore, the priority of infection control policy has been allocated in hand hygiene program, contact precautions, and isolation. However, the transmission routes of pathogens are complicated. Furthermore, recent data suggest that the hospital environment could play a role as an important reservoir, and contaminated hospital surfaces, medical equipment, water, and air could be directly or indirectly involved in the transmission pathways. Therefore, we should reconsider the role of hospital environment control in the management of HAIs as well as developing strategies to reduce the contamination of hospital environment.

Keywords: Healthcare-associated infection, Hospital environment, Infection control

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