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Original Article

Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev 2012; 17(1): 40-51

Published online June 30, 2012 https://doi.org/10.14192/kjicp.2012.17.1.40

Copyright © Korean Society for Healthcare-associated infection Control and Prevention

Survey for Hygiene Behavior on Healthcare Personnel by Hygiene Inventory 23

Kwang Soon Kim1, Jae Sim Jeong2, Sang Ho Choi3

Department of Nursing, Asan Medical Center1, Department of Clinical Nursing, University of Ulsan2, Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center3, Seoul, Korea

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to survey hygiene behavior of healthcare personnel according to the Hygiene Inventory 23 (HI23) and to use the results in education and research for promoting hygiene behaviors.
Methods: We sampled a total of 400 people with 50 from each job category. The sample was obtained through convenient sampling among 8,200 employees working at a tertiary-care hospital with 2,600 beds in Seoul. The HI23 consisted of 5 subscales and 8 questions on general hygiene, 3 on household hygiene, 3 on food-related hygiene, 5 on hand hygiene methods, and 4 on personal hygiene, resulting in a total of 23 questions. The researcher also added 14 questions on the general characteristics of the subjects. The self-administered questionnaires were distributed on October 2009 and analyzed blindly.
Results: The average total score for hygiene behavior was 3.04±0.44 (maximum of 4). In the subcategory of hygiene behavior, the mean score was 3.20±4.24 for general hygiene, 3.07±0.68 for household hygiene, 3.07±0.68 for food-related hygiene, 2.91±0.69 for hand hygiene methods, and 2.97±0.48 for personal hygiene. When factors affecting the level of hygiene behavior were identified through multivariate regression analysis, independent factors were found to be gender (female), job category (food-related job), experience in hand hygiene education, and experience in teaching hand hygiene or general hygiene.
Conclusion: Programs and education adapted to the characteristics of each job category in hospitals are needed to promote hygiene behaviors such as general hygiene, hand hygiene methods, household hygiene, food-related hygiene, and personal hygiene.

Keywords: Hygiene, Healthcare Personnel, Hand washing, Behavior

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