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Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev 2010; 15(2): 65-77

Published online December 31, 2010 https://doi.org/10.14192/kjicp.2010.15.2.65

Copyright © Korean Society for Healthcare-associated infection Control and Prevention

Infection Control Guideline for Hemodialysis Room

Mi-Na Kim1, Jeong Sil Choi2, So-Yeon Yoo3, Jae-Seok Kim4, Joseph Jeong5, Kyoung Ho Roh6, Hae-Kyung Lee7, Sook Jin Jang8, Hye Soo Lee9, Jeong-Uk Kim10, Sung Hee Lee11, Joon Sup Yeom12, Sang Oh Lee13, Sun-Hwa Lee14, Jae Sim Jeong15, and Eui-Chong Kim16

Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Ulsan and Asan Medical Center1, Seoul, Department of Nursing, Sangji University2, Wonju, Infection Control Office, The Catholic University of Korea, St. Vincent's Hospital3, Suwon, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine4, Seoul, University of Ulsan and Ulsan University Hospital5, Ulsan, Korea University College of Medicine6, Seoul, The Catholic University of Korea, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital7, Uijeongbu, Chosun University College of Medicine8, Gwangju, Chonbuk National University Medical School9, Chonju, University of Ulsan and Gangnung Asan Hospital10, Gangnung, Hanmaeum General Hospital11, Jeju, Division of Infectious Diseases, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine12, University of Ulsan and Asan Medical Center13, Neodin Medical Institute14, Seoul, Department of Clinical Nursing, University of Ulsan15, Ulsan, Department of Laboratory Medicine Seoul National University College of Medicine16, Seoul, Korea

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A hemodialysis room is the healthcare facility utmost demanding an infection control because dialysis patients have chronic serious underlying conditions and high risks of bloodborne infection due to a indwelling intravascular catheter, a frequent exposure to bloods or body fluids, and a blood transfusion as well as a hemodialysis room can be a mixing vessel to encounter both hospital-acquired pathogens and community-acquird pathogens. Therefore the Korean Society for Nosocomial Infection Control (KOSNIC) purposed to develop a guideline for the infection control in a hemodialysis room with support of Korean Center for Disease Control (KCDC). This guideline was composed of 11 chapters including vascular access control, dialysis water, microbiological and chemical monitoring of dialysis water and dialysates, components and passage of dialysates, maintenance of dialysis machines, disinfection, waste management, infection surveillance, aseptic techniques and standard precaution, environmental control, prevention of bloodborne infections and 5 appendices composing basic infection control techniques. This is the first official guideline approved by KOSNIC and KCDC of the infection control in a hemodialysis room in Korea. Here the guideline was published except appendices and entire guideline including those can be downloaded on hompages of KOSNIC (http://www.kosnic.org/) and KCDC (http//www.cdc.go.kr/).

Keywords: Hemodialysis room, Infection control, Guideline

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