Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev 2010; 15(1): 41-47
Published online June 30, 2010 https://doi.org/10.14192/kjicp.2010.15.1.41
Copyright © Korean Society for Healthcare-associated infection Control and Prevention
Kyung Mi Kim1, Suk Jung Han2, and Sun Nam Park3
Department of Nursing, Semyung University1, Incheon, Sahmyook University2, Seoul Women`s College of Nursing3, Seoul, KoreaDepartment of Nursing, Semyung University1, Incheon, Sahmyook University2, Seoul Women`s College of Nursing3, Seoul, Korea
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency and characteristics of needlestick/sharps injuries (NSIs) in nursing students in Korea.
Methods: The study was based on a survey of questionnaires completed by 341 nursing students who had sustained at least one NSI during clinical practice in hospitals.
Results: The NSI incidence rate was 36.4%. Approximately half of the students reported two to four NSIs. Most (90.2%) of the NSIs occurred on the fingertips and were caused by a hollow-bore needle (46.8%) or lancet (45.8%). Some students were exposed to used needles contaminated with unknown pathogens (37.3%), HBs Ag (2.3%), Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) (0.8%), or HIV (0.6%). Students cited the reason for injury as carelessness, inexperience, hastiness, or recapping. Almost two-thirds of students who reported having experienced an NSI knew about post-exposure treatment. However, only one-third of the students with NSIs completed an official report.
Conclusion: Korean nursing students lack knowledge about injury prevention, report procedures, and treatment after NSI. A revised educational approach with emphasis on occupational risk, skill development, and injury reporting is necessary to prevent NSI and to ensure that students obtain post-exposure prophylaxis.
Keywords: Nursing student, Needlestick, Sharps injury, Education
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