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Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev 2016; 21(2): 65-73

Published online December 31, 2016 https://doi.org/10.14192/kjhaicp.2016.21.2.65

Copyright © Korean Society for Healthcare-associated infection Control and Prevention

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Knowledge on Blood-Borne Infection, Awareness and Compliance on Blood-Borne Infection Control, and Factors Influencing Compliance among Emergency Nurses

Hye Kyung Kong1, Tae Jeong Park2, Kyung-Yeon Park3

Good Samsun Hospital1, (Former) Good Samsun Hospital2, Department of Nursing, Silla University3, Busan, Korea

Received: May 13, 2016; Revised: June 8, 2016; Accepted: August 10, 2016

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

ackground: Emergency nurses are at risk of blood-borne infection as they are often exposed to blood and potential infections. The purpose of this study was to identify knowledge of blood-borne infections, awareness and compliance on infection control, and predictors of compliance with infection control among nurses in emergency rooms. Methods: Participants (N=169) in emergency rooms were recruited in B city from September 26 to October 26, 2012. The emergency nurses’ knowledge levels on blood-borne infections and awareness and compliance on infection control were retrospectively investigated. Results: The significant predictors of compliance on blood-borne infection control among emergency nurses were use of personal protective equipment (β=0.28, P<0.001), awareness on blood-borne infection control (β = 0.28, P<0.001), confirmation of whether patients suffered from blood-borne infections prior to nursing care (β=0.26, P<0.001), experience in infection control education (β=0.16, P=0.022), and history of blood exposure (β=−0.14, P=0.040). Conclusion: The results showed that in addition to improving nurses’ personal efforts to prevent blood-borne infections, systematic support in medical administration is needed; this may include preparing standardized assessment forms to distinguish patients with blood-borne infections at the first hospital visit and increasing use of personal protective equipment for blood-borne infection control.

Keywords: Blood borne, Emergency, Infection control, Nurse

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