대한의료관련감염관리학회 Korean Society for Healthcare-associated infection Control and Prevention.

pISSN 0705-3797. eISSN 2586-1298.

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Characteristics of the subjects by stage (N=346)

Characteristics Total ASC (n=125) ASC, Isolation (n=126) ASC, Isolation, 2% CHG bathing (n=95) χ2 P
N (%), Mean±SD (median, range)
Gender 1.538 .464
Male 184 (53.2) 72 (57.6) 64 (50.8) 48 (50.5)
Female 162 (46.8) 53 (42.4) 62 (49.2) 47 (49.5)
Age (months) 14.88±26.44
(5.00, 1.00-170.00)
12.50±17.71
(5.00, 1.00-122.00)
12.22±21.95
(4.50, 1.00-170.00)
21.56±38.08
(6.00, 1.00-170.00)
2.513 .285
Body weight (kg) 8.11±6.35
(6.56, 1.84-55.10)
7.50±4.16
(6.20, 2.48-25.80)
7.50±5.73
(6.07, 1.84-55.10)
9.72±8.83
(7.40, 2.50-49.70)
3.792 .150
Diagnosis 7.984 .018
Cyanotic disease 215 (62.1) 66 (52.8) 88 (69.8) 61 (64.2)
Acyanotic disease 131 (37.9) 59 (47.2) 38 (30.2) 34 (35.8)
RACHS-1 risk category 5.869 .838*
1 13 (3.8) 5 (4.0) 4 (3.2) 4 (4.2)
2 145 (41.9) 59 (47.2) 49 (38.9) 37 (38.9)
3 126 (36.4) 37 (29.6) 51 (40.5) 38 (40.0)
4 40 (11.6) 16 (12.8) 15 (11.9) 9 (9.5)
6 9 (2.6) 4 (3.2) 2 (1.6) 3 (3.2)
N/A 13 (3.8) 4 (3.2) 5 (4.0) 4 (4.2)
History of previous hospitalization within a year 251 (72.5) 93 (74.4) 90 (71.4) 68 (71.6) 0.339 .844
History of previous admission (n=251) 5.047 .283
This hospital 208 (82.9) 74 (79.6) 76 (84.4) 58 (85.3)
Other hospital 16 (6.4) 9 (9.7) 6 (6.7) 1 (1.5)
This & other hospital 27 (10.8) 10 (10.8) 8 (8.9) 9 (13.2)
History of previous surgery within a year 118 (34.1) 35 (28.0) 48 (38.1) 35 (36.8) 3.282 .194
Hospital with previous surgery (n=118) 4.925 .049*
This hospital 115 (97.5) 32 (91.4) 48 (100.0) 35 (100.0)
Other hospital 3 (2.5) 3 (8.6) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Days between hospital and ICU admission 9.49±23.53
(1.00, 0.00-263.00)
6.21±14.35
(1.00, 1.00-73.00)
12.03±29.57
(1.00, 1.00-263.00)
10.45±23.95
(2.00, 0.00-161.00)
1.548 .461
ICU admission route 6.801 .033
General ward 296 (85.5) 115 (92.0) 102 (81.0) 79 (83.2)
Other ICU 50 (14.5) 10 (8.0) 24 (19.0) 16 (16.8)
ICU length of stay (days) 7.65±11.39
(5.00, 3.00-148.00)
8.60±16.97
(5.00, 3.00-148.00)
7.13±5.32
(5.00, 3.00-32.00)
7.07±7.51
(4.00, 3.00-36.00)
2.923 .232
Antibiotics use 346 (100.0) 125 (100.0) 126 (100.0) 95 (100.0) N/A N/A
Antibiotics
Cephalosporins 332 (96.0) 125 (100.0) 117 (92.9) 90 (94.7) 8.745 .013
Glycopeptides 37 (10.7) 10 (8.0) 15 (11.9) 12 (12.6) 1.517 .468
Aminoglycosides 4 (1.2) 1 (0.8) 3 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 2.233 .459*
Penicillin/beta-lactamase inhibitors 53 (15.3) 16 (12.8) 20 (15.9) 17 (17.9) 1.127 .569
Other antibiotics 14 (4.0) 6 (4.8) 4 (3.2) 4 (4.2) 0.436 .804
Steroid use 118 (34.1) 43 (34.4) 45 (35.7) 30 (31.6) 0.420 .811
Invasive devices use 346 (100.0) 125 (100.0) 126 (100.0) 95 (100.0) N/A N/A
Arterial catheter 346 (100.0) 125 (100.0) 126 (100.0) 95 (100.0) N/A N/A
Central venous catheter 346 (100.0) 125 (100.0) 126 (100.0) 95 (100.0) N/A N/A
Endotracheal tube 343 (99.1) 123 (98.4) 126 (100.0) 94 (98.9) 1.924 .386*
Tracheostomy 3 (0.9) 2 (1.6) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 1.924 .386*
Urinary catheter 345 (99.7) 125 (100.0) 125 (99.2) 95 (100.0) 1.671 1.000*
Chest tube 346 (100.0) 125 (100.0) 126 (100.0) 95 (100.0) N/A N/A
Nasogastric tube 339 (98.0) 121 (96.8) 125 (99.2) 93 (97.9) 1.818 .349*
Discharge place 5.786 .152*
General ward 326 (94.2) 120 (96.0) 116 (92.1) 90 (94.7)
Other ICU 17 (4.9) 3 (2.4) 10 (7.9) 4 (4.2)
Death 3 (0.9) 2 (1.6) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1)

*Fisher’s exact test; †one and half repair (2 cases), heart transplantation (4 cases), fenestration (1 case), pericardiostomy (2 cases), fibrotic muscle resection (1 case), cardiac resynchronization therapy (1 case), permanent pacemaker insertion (2 cases); ‡carbapenems (11 cases), sulfonamides (4 cases), quinolones (3 cases)

Abbreviations: ASC, active surveillance culture; CHG, chlorhexidine gluconate; ICU, intensive care unit; N/A, not available; RACHS-1, risk adjustment for congenital heart surgery-1; SD, standard deviation

Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev 2022;27:35~42 https://doi.org/10.14192/kjicp.2022.27.1.35
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