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Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev 2019; 24(2): 69-80

Published online December 31, 2019 https://doi.org/10.14192/kjicp.2019.24.2.69

Copyright © Korean Society for Healthcare-associated Control and Prevention.

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Korean National Healthcare-associated Infections Surveillance System, Intensive Care Unit Module Report: Summary of Data from July 2017 through June 2018

Eun Jin Kim1, Yee Gyung Kwak2, Tae Hyong Kim3, Mi Suk Lee4, Sang-Oh Lee5, Sung Ran Kim6, Sun Hee Park7, Jin Young Ahn8, Na Ra Yun9, Seong Yeol Ryu10, Eu Suk Kim11, Ji-youn Choi12, Hyeon Mi Yoo13, Myoung Jin Shin14, So-Yeon Yoo15, Ki Ho Hong16, Hee-Won Moon17, Nan-hyoung Cho18, Hee Jung Son19, Su Hyun Kim20, Young Hwa Choi1, Mi-Na Kim21

Department of Infectious Diseases, Ajou University School of Medicine1, Suwon, Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital2, Goyang, Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine3, Cheonan, Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine4, Department of Infectious Diseases, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine5, Infection Control Office, Korea University Guro Hospital6, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea7, Yonsei University College of Medicine8, Seoul, Department of Internal Medicine, Chosun University College of Medicine9, Gwangju, Department of Infectious Disease, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center10, Daegu, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine11, Infection Control Team, Chungang University Hospital12, Infection Control Office, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital13, Seoul, Infection Control Office, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital14, Seongnam, Department of Nursing, Gachon University College of Nursing15, Incheon, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Seoul Medical Center16, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine17, Office of Infection Control, Gangnam Severance Hospital18, Infection Control Office, Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital19, Seoul, Infection Control Office, Korea University Ansan Hospital20, Ansan, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine21, Seoul, Korea

Received: November 22, 2019; Revised: November 26, 2019; Accepted: November 26, 2019

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background: In this report, we present annual data from the intensive care unit (ICU) module of the Korean National Healthcare-associated Infections Surveillance System (KONIS) from July 2017 through June 2018.
Methods: We performed prospective surveillance of healthcare-associated urinary tract infections (UTIs), bloodstream infections (BSIs), and pneumonia (PNEU) at 308 ICUs in 216 hospitals using the KONIS. Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) rates and device-associated infection rates were calculated as the number of infections per 1000 patient-days (PD) and device-days (DD), respectively. Device utilization was calculated as a ratio of DD to PD.
Results: A total of 4569 HAIs were found during the study period: 1530 UTIs (1476 cases were urinary catheter-associated), 2006 BSIs (1692 were central line-associated), and 1033 PNEU cases (505 were ventilator-associated). The rate of urinary catheter-associated UTIs (CAUTI) was 1.16 cases per 1000 DD (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.10-1.22) and urinary catheter utilization ratio was 0.86 (95% CI: 0.859-0.861). These results were higher than those in the previous year: 1.01 cases per 1000 DD (95% CI: 0.95-1.07) and 0.85 (95% CI: 0.8490.851), respectively. The rate of central line-associated BSIs was 2.29 cases per 1000 DD (95% CI: 2.18-2.40) and the central line utilization ratio was 0.50 (95% CI: 0.499-0.501). The rate of ventilator-associated PNEU cases was 0.96 cases per 1000 DD (95% CI: 0.88-1.05) and the ventilator utilization ratio was 0.35 (95% CI: 0.349-0.351).
Conclusion: The overall rate of HAIs was similar to the results from the previous year; however, the rate of CAUTI increased.

Keywords: Korean National Healthcare-associated Infections Surveillance System, KONIS, Intensive care unit, Healthcare-associated infection

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